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College of Arts & Sciences
The Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice

Faculty and Student Research

* Represents current or former graduate student.


Crittenden, C. A., Koons-Witt, B. A., & Kaminiski, R. J. (Forthcoming). Being assigned work in prison: Do gender and race matter? Feminist Criminology. doi: 10.1177/1557085116668990.

Hine, K. A., Porter, L. E., Westera, N. J., & Alpert, G. P. (Forthcoming). Too much or too little? Individual and situational predictors of police force relative to suspect resistance. Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy. doi: 10.1080/10439463.2016.1232257

Hine, K. A., Porter, L. E., Westera, N. J., & Alpert, G. P. (Forthcoming). The understated ugly side of police-citizen encounters: situation, suspect, officer, decision-making, and force predictors of officer injuries. Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy. doi: 10.1080/10439463.2016.1251430

*Leasure, P. & *Martin, T. (Forthcoming). Criminal records and housing: An experimental study. Journal of Experimental Criminology. doi: 10.1007/s11292-017-9289-z.

Metcalfe, C. & Chiricos, T. (Forthcoming). Race, plea, and charge reduction: An assessment of racial disparities in the plea process. Justice Quarterly. doi: 10.1080/07418825.2017.1304564.

Navarro, J. C. & Tewksbury, R. (Forthcoming). Mythbusters: Examining rape myth acceptance among U.S. university students. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice. doi: 10.1080/19496591.2017.1289094

Navarro, J. C. & Tewksbury, R. (Forthcoming). Deconstructing the associations of religiosity, Christian denominations, and non-religions to rape myth acceptance among University students. Deviant Behavior. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2016.1260386

Navarro, J. C. & Tewksbury, R. (Forthcoming). National comparisons of rape myth acceptance predictors between nonathletes and athletes from multi-institutional settings. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. doi: 10.1177/1079063217732790

*Ouellette, H. M., Applegate, B. K., & Vuk, M. (Forthcoming). The public’s stance on prisoner reentry: Policy support and personal acceptance. American Journal of Criminal Justice. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s12103-016-9382-2

Owens, E., Weisburd, D., Amendola, K. L., & Alpert, G. P. (Forthcoming). Can you build a better cop? Experimental evidence on supervision, training, and policing in the community. Criminology & Public Policy.

Porter, L. E. & Alpert, G. P. (Forthcoming). Understanding police recruits' attitudes toward public interactions: An Australian example. Police Quarterly. doi: 10.1177/1098611117723567.

Sevigny, E.L. & *Zhang, G. (Forthcoming). Do Barriers to Crime Prevention Moderate the Effects of Situational Crime Prevention Policies on Violent Crime in High Schools? Journal of School Violence. Advance online publication. doi:10.1080/15388220.2016.1275657


Alpert, G. P., *McLean, K., & Wolfe, S. (2017). Consent decrees: An approach to police accountability and reform. Police Quarterly, 20, 239-249.

Applegate, B. K. (2017). Advancing justice through our students. Justice Quarterly, 34, 727-738.

Crittenden, C. A. & Koons-Witt, B. A. (2017). Gender and programming: A comparison of program availability and participation in U.S. prisons. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 61, 611-644.

Ferdik, F. V. & Smith, H. P. (2017). Correctional officer safety and wellness literature. National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from:

Iratzoqui, A. & Metcalfe, C. (2017). Set up for failure? Examining the influence of monetary sanctions on probation success. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 28, 370-393.

*Leasure, P. (2017). Neutralizations in retail banking: A qualitative analysis. Deviant Behavior, 38, 448-460.

*McLean, K. (2017). Ethnic identity, procedural justice, and offending: Does procedural justice work the same for everyone? Crime & Delinquency, 63, 1314-1336.

Navarro, J. C. & Higgins, G. E. (2017). Familial identity theft. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 42, 218-230.

Nix, J., Campbell, B. A., Byers, E. H., & Alpert, G. P. (2017). A bird's eye view of civilians killed by police in 2015: Further evidence of implicit bias. Criminology & Public Policy, 16, 309-340.

Sitren, A. H. & Smith, H. P. (2017). Teaching criminal justice online: Current status and important considerations. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 28, 352-367.

Wolfe, S. E., *Chrusciel, M. M., Rojek, J., Hansen, J. A., & Kaminski, R. J. (2017). Procedural justice, legitimacy, and school principals' evaluations of school resource officers: Support, perceived effectiveness, trust, and satisfaction. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 28, 107-138.

Wolfe, S. E. & *McLean, K. (2017). Procedural injustice, risky lifestyles, and violent victimization. Crime & Delinquency, 63, 1383-1409.

Wolfe, S. E., *McLean, K., & Pratt, T. C. (2017). I learned it by watching you: Legal socialization and the intergenerational transmission of legitimacy attitudes. The British Journal of Criminology, 57, 1123-1143.


Alpert, G. P. (2016). Toward a national database of officer-involved shootings. Criminology & Public Policy, 15, 237-242.

Alpert, G., Lyman, M., & Baxter, K. (2016). Police pursuits. In W. Jennings (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Bolin, R. M. & Applegate, B. K. (2016). Adultification in juvenile corrections: Examining the orientations of juvenile and adult probation and parole officers. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 41, 321-339.

Ferdik, F. V. & Smith, H. P. (2016). Maximum security correctional officers: An exploratory investigation into their social bases of power. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 41, 498-521.

Hickman, M., Atherley, L., Lowery, P., & Alpert, G. (2016). Reliability of the force factor method in police use-of-force research. Police Quarterly, 18, 368-396.

Isom, D. (2016). Microaggresions, injustices, and racial identity. An empirical assessment of the theory of African American offending. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 32, 27-59.

Isom, D. (2016). An air of justice? An integrated approach to understanding the link between police injustices and neighborhood rates of violence. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 14, 371-392.

*Leasure, P. & Anderson, T. S. (2016). The effectiveness of certificates of relief as collateral consequence relief mechanisms: An experimental study. Yale Law & Policy Review Inter Alia, 35, 11-22.

*McLean, K. & Rojek, J. (2016). Traffic stops, race, and measurement. In B. M. Huebner (ed.), The Handbook of Measurement Issues in Criminology and Criminal Justice. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

*McLean, K. & Wolfe, S. E. (2016). A sense of injustice loosens the moral bind of law: Specifying the links between procedural injustice, neutralizations, and offending. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 43, 27-44.

Metcalfe, C. (2016). The role of courtroom workgroups in felony case dispositions: An analysis of workgroup familiarity and similarity. Law & Society Review50, 637-673.

Metcalfe, C., Wolfe, S. E., Gertz, E., & Gertz, M. (2016). They protect our homeland but neglect our community: Homeland security overemphasis, legitimacy, and public cooperation in Israel. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 53, 814-839.

Power, J., Gobeil, R., Beaudette, J. N., Ritchie, M. B., Brown, S. L., & Smith, H. P. (2016). Childhood abuse, nonsuicidal self-injury, and suicide attempts: An exploration of gender differences in incarcerated adults. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 46, 745-751.

Power, J. & Smith, H. P. (2016). Examining Nock and Prinstein's four-function model with offenders who self-injure. Personality Disorders: Theory, Research, and Treatment, 7, 309-314.

Power, J., Smith, H. P., & Trestman, R. L. (2016). "What to do with the cutters?"-Best practices for offender self-injurious behaviors. Criminal Justice Studies: A Critical Journal of Crime, Law and Society, 29, 57-76.

Prenzler, T., Cawthray, T., Porter, L. E., & Alpert, G. P. (2016). Reducing public complaints and use of force: The Portland Police Bureau experience. Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 2, 260-273.

Rabe-Hemp, C. & Navarro, J. C. (2016). A history of police and masculinities, 1700-2010. Policing and Society: An International Journal of Research and Policy, 26, 245-247.

Smith, H. (2016). Self-injurious behavior in prison: A case study. International Journal of Offender Therarpy and Comparative Criminology, 60, 228-243.

Wolfe, S. E., Nix, J., Kaminski, R., & Rojek, J. (2016). Is the effect of procedural justice on police legitimacy invariant? Testing the generality of procedural justice and competing antecedents of legitimacy. Journal of Quantiative Criminology, 32, 253-282.