ACTFL outlines a list of skills that determines each proficiency level. The major levels are:
- Novice: The robot. Can answer and ask simple questions with one-word phrases or strings of memorized rote phrases.
- Intermediate: The survivalist. Can initiate and sustain a simple conversation with simple sentences in the present time frame.
- Advanced: The story-teller. Is able to narrate and describe across different time frames (present, past, and furure).
- Superior: The debater. Can state and support an opinion abstractly and can predict hypothetical outcomes.
Note: While courses at USC are proficiency-oriented, it is important to recognize that the guidelines used to measure proficiency do not correspond to a specific course level or grade.