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Cary J. Mock

Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1994

Department of Geography
Callcott, Room 211
Columbia, SC 29208
Phone: (803) 777-1211   Fax: (803) 777-4972

My interests in climatology consists of the following three aspects: 1) synoptic/regional climatology, 2) late Quaternary paleoclimatology, and 3) historical climatology. My synoptic climatic research deals with climatic changes for an area at the size of the Southeast U.S., and how these relationships are modulated by global climate forcing such as by El Nino, volcanic eruptions, and potential global warming. I have also conducted a snow avalanche climatology project that analyzes the relationships between synoptic climatic patterns and different snow avalanche climate regimes of the Western United States mountain ranges. My quaternary paleoclimatic research involves the synthesis of climate model simulations and fossil paleoclimatic data, aided by the application of modern synoptic climatology as a means to downscale large-scale patterns to smaller spatial scales. I am also interested on assessing the role of paleoclimate on vegetation histories. Regions of where I have conducted synoptic and quaternary paleoclimatic research include the western United States, Beringia (eastern Siberia and Alaska), and most recently the Southeast. My climatic interests at the historical timescale lie primarily in reconstructing climates and weather hazards from documentary evidence for various parts of North America and the Arctic but also involving issues of climatic reality, environmental images, and settlement. The historical climate data and collections here in the climate lab at South Carolina are by far the most plentiful of that sort at any university nationwide. Lately, I am working on a historical hurricane project to reconstruct tropical cyclones of the Atlantic Basin back to the seventeenth century and have started work in the Western Pacific Basin as well. This project involves examining old diaries, journals, newspapers, and early instrumental records to gain a longer temporal perspective, which can greatly aid us in assessing the role of global warming and climate change on hurricanes.  Funding for most aspects of my research has been provided by the National Science Foundation and NOAA.

Areas of Interest
Synoptic climatology
Climatic hazards
Arctic and alpine environments
Historical environmental change


Mock, C.J.  Climate and Weather.   In:  The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (C.R. Reagan and J. Thomas, eds.), University of North Carolina Press (in press).

Mock, C.J., M. Chenoweth, I. Altamirano , M.D. Rodgers, and R. García-Herrera. 2010.  “The Great New Orleans Hurricane of 1812.”  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 91: 1653-1663.

Burnette, D.J., D.W. Stahle, and C.J. Mock.  2010.    “A 180-year Daily Temperature Record for Kansas.”  Journal of Climate 23: 1308-1333.

Lawson, M.P., R. Cervany, and C.J. Mock.  2010.  “Pike’s altered climate:  Did the great explorer Zebulon Pike purposely mislead people about the climate of the American Great Plains?” Weatherwise 63:  26-33.

Dupigny-Giroux, L.A. and C.J. Mock, Eds.  2009. Historical climate variability and impacts in North America.  Springer Publishers.

Wheeler, D., Vaquero, J.M., R. García-Herrera, M. Chenoweth and C.J. Mock 2009. Reconstruction of August 1680 Hurricane trajectory: the earliest documented extratropical transition?”  Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society  90:  971-978.

Kokorawski, H.D., P.M. Anderson, C.J. Mock, and A.V. Lozhkin 2008.  “A Re-Evaluation and Spatial Analysis of Evidence for a Younger Dryas Climatic Reversal in Beringia.”  Quaternary Science Review 27:  1710-1722.

Landsea, C.W., D.A. Glenn, W. Bredemeyer, M. Chenoweth, R. Ellis, J. Gamache, L. Hufstetler, Mock, C.J., R. Perez, R. Prieto, J. Sánchez-Sesma, D. Thomas, and L. Woolcock. "A Reanalysis of the 1911 to 1920 Atlantic Hurricane Database." Journal of Climate 21: 2138-2168.

Mock, C.J.. 2008. "Tropical Cyclone Variations in Louisiana, U.S.A. since the Late Eighteenth Century." Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems. 9, Q05V02, doi:10.1029/2007GC001846.

Vaquero, J.M., R. García-Herrera, D. Wheeler, M. Chenoweth and Mock, C.J.. 2008. "An Historical Analogue of 2005 Hurricane Vince." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 89: 191-201.

Mock, C.J., J. Mojzisek, M. Chenoweth, M. McWaters, and D.W. Stahle. 2007. "The winter of 1827-1828 over eastern North America: a season of extraordinary climatic anomalies, societal impacts, and false spring." Climatic Change 81: 87-115.

Mock, C.J.. 2007. Paleodrought and Society. In: The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (S. Elias, Chief Editor), Elsevier Press, U.K., pp. 1959-1966.

Mock, C.J.. 2007. Paleo-ENSO and teleconnections. In: The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (S. Elias, Chief Editor), Elsevier Press, U.K., pp. 1935-1942.

Mock, C.J.. 2007. Overview of Paleoclimatology. In: The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (S. Elias, Chief Editor), Elsevier Press, U.K., pp. 1867-1872.

Miller, D.L., C.I. Mora, H.D. Grissino-Mayer, Mock, C.J., M.E. Uhle, and Z. Shar. 2006. "A proxy record of tropical cyclones preserved in the oxygen isotopes of tree-ring cellulose." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(39): 14294-14297.

Mock, C.J.. 2006. "Some comments on reconstructing the historical climate of California," U.S.A. Nuovo Cimento 29(1): 55-63.

Mock, C.J.. 2004. "Tropical cyclone reconstructions from documentary records; examples from South Carolina". In: Hurricanes and Typhoons: Past, Present, and Future, pp. 121-148, (R. J. Murnane and K.B. Liu eds.), Columbia University Press.

D.S. Kaufman, T.A. Ager, N.J. Anderson, P.M. Anderson, J.T. Andrews, P.J. Bartlein, L.B. Brubaker, L.L. Coats, L.C. Cwynar, M.L. Duvall, A.S. Dyke, M.E. Edwards, K. Gajewski, A. Geirsdóttir, F.S. Hu, A.E. Jennings, M.R. Kaplan, M.W. Kerwin. A.V. Lozhkin, G.M. MacDonald, G.H. Miller, Mock, C.J., W.W. Oswald, B.L. Otto-Bliesner, K. Rühland, J.P. Smol, E.J. Steig, and B.B. Wolfe. 2004. "Holocene Thermal Maximum in the Western Arctic." Quaternary Science Reviews 23: 529-560.

Mock, C.J., D.O. Mayes, J. Mojzisek, M. McWaters, and M. Chenoweth. 2004. "Reconstructing South Carolina Tropical Cyclones back to the Mid Eighteenth Century." In: Preprints, Twenty Sixth Conference on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteorology, Miami Beach, FL. American Meteorological Society, Boston MA, pp. 671-672.

Mock, C.J.. 2002. "Regional Climates of Russia", in Late Quaternary Vegetation and Climate of Siberia and the Russian Far East, P.M. Anderson and A. Lozhkin (Eds.), Northeast Science Center, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Magadan: Russia.

Birkeland, K.W., and Mock, C.J.. 2001. "The Major Snow Avalanche Cycle Of February 1986 In The Western United States", Natural Hazards, 24: 75-95.

Birkeland, K.W., Mock, C.J., and J.J. Shinker. 2001. "Extreme Avalanche Hazard Events and Atmospheric Circulation Patterns", Annals of Glaciology, 32: 135-140.

Mock, C.J., Edwards, M.E., Finney, B.P., Barber, V., and P.J. Bartlein. 2001. "Potential Analogues For Paleoclimatic Variations In Eastern Interior Alaska For The Past 14,000 Years: Atmospheric-Circulation Controls Of Regional Temperature And Moisture Responses", Quaternary Science Reviews, 20: 189-202.

Mock, C.J., and M.P. Lawson. 2001. "Meteorological Experiences, Climatic Variability, and Overland Trail Emigrants", Journal of the West, 40: 10-17, 2001.

Edwards, M.E., P.M. Anderson, L.B. Brubaker, T. Ager, A.A. Andreev, N.H. Bigelow, L.C. Cwynar, W.R. Eisner, S.P. Harrison, F.S. Hu, D. Jolly, A.V. Lozhkin, G.M. MacDonald, Mock, C.J., J.C. Ritchie, A.V. Sher, R.W. Spear, J. Williams, and G. Yu. 2000. "Pollen-based Biomes for Beringia at 18,000, 6,000, and 0 14C yr B.P." Journal of Biogeography 27: 521-544.

Mock, C.J.. 2000. "Rainfall in the Garden of the U.S. Great Plains, 1870-1889." Climatic change 44: 173-195.

Mock, C.J., and K.W. Birkeland. 2000. "Snow Avalanche Climatology of the Western United States Mountain Ranges." Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 81: 2367-2392

Mock, C.J. and A. Brunelle-Daines. 1999. "A Modern Analogue of Western United States Summer Paleoclimate at 6000 Years Before Present." The Holocene 9: 541-545.

Applied Climatology
Hurricanes and Tropical Climatology
Quantitative Methods in Geography
Long Term Environmental Change
Synoptic Meteorology
Climatic and Society

Graduate Students
Matt Rodgers, Masters candidate
Stephanie Dodds, Doctoral candidate
Stephen Feetham, Masters candidate