Table - See Overview for Filtering and Searching Explanation

source Entry Example Modal 1 Modal 2 Modal 3 Gender Race / Ethnicity Age Level of Education Home Community, Town, or State Location Collected Year Relation to Addresseesort descending Medium Sentence Structure Status
Scotland 920 He must can do it. must can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Scotland 1103 I’ll can go tomorrow. will can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Unknown) Scotland (Unknown) 1999 1.0
Feagin 779 There are so many things we might could do. might could Female White 38 Unknown NC (Unknown) AL (Unknown) early 1970s Spoken 1.6 Naturalistic
England 2044 ... þatt mannkinn shollde muʒhenn wel Upp cumenn inntill heoffne. shollde muʒhenn Unknown Unknown England c1200 Written
Boertien 1293 I might had oughta, hadn’t I? might had ought to Female White 21 College Student TX (Beaumont) TX (Unknown) c1980 2.8 Elicited
England 1172 A good machine clipper would could do it in half a day. would could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Newcastle) 1.0
Scotland 952 He has to can swim, doesn’t he? have to can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) Written 1.0
Coleman 1121 They might ought to be stripping tobacco instead of just waiting. might ought to Unknown White Unknown Unknown NC (Unknown) 1975 1.0 Elicited
Feagin 809 We useta could hear ’em when we lived up yonder, but since we moved up there, I haven’t heard ’em. used to could Female White 85 Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (Tuscaloosa) early 1970s Spoken 1.8 Naturalistic
Smiley 888 wouldn't could wouldn't could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown NY (New Paltz) 1924
Scotland 969 I looked for your brither before this, but nae doot ye‘ll can tak’ a message tae him. will can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Fife) 1929 Written 1.1
Hern.&S 2020 He might have couldn't have stopped. might have couldn't Unknown Black c17 High school student IL (Chicago) IL (Chicago) 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Mashburn 1260 He ought to will see you. ought to will Unknown Unknown Unknown GA (Unknown) 1.0
Nagle 1141 þat hie healfre geweald wið Eotena bearn agan moston. “That they might own an equal share with the sons of the Geats.” moston (=must, might) agan (=own, owe, ought to) Male White Unknown Unknown England (Unknown) c1000 Written
Scotland 921 He should can do it. should can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Jamaica 1219 wuda hafi “would must” would hafi (=have to, must) Unknown Black Unknown Unknown Jamaica (Unknown)
Scotland 1104 I'll not can go tomorrow. will not can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Unknown) Scotland (Unknown) 1.0
Feagin 780 If ... she might would take a job. might would Female White 70 Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (Gadsden) early 1970s Spoken Naturalistic
England 2045 forrþi let be swellenn þa þe middle & þe little, þatt Crist ne shollde mu ʒ henn himm O nane wise attwindenn. shollde muʒhenn Unknown Unknown England c1200 Written 1.4
Boertien 1294 It scared him that he might could’ve been killed yesterday. might could Female White 21 College Student TX (Beaumont) TX (Unknown) c1980 1.4 Elicited
Elsman 857 If the items are gonna be released, they can't share, but if they aren't gonna be released, they might could. might could Unknown White Unknown Unknown SC (Unknown) 2007 Spoken 1.8 Naturalistic
England 1173 I used to could do it. used to could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Newcastle) 1.0
Scotland 953 He’d like to can swim, wouldn’t he? would like to can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Coleman 1122 They might would be stripping tobacco now if they had gotten it ready. might would Unknown White Unknown Unknown NC (Unknown) 1975 1.3 Elicited
Feagin 810 We useta could hear the trains. used to could Female White 85 Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (Tuscaloosa) early 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Warner 889 I might could play the piano. might could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown AR (southeast) 1938 1.0
Allan 1202 For a dime a head, I might could strip off the feathers. might could Unknown Black Unknown Unknown Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Scotland 970 What I want to ken is, if I winna could hinder him that’s my fiancé frae dicin’ or drinkin’ ‘t awa’ ance he got me mairried to him? will could Male White Unknown Unknown Scotland (Argyll) 1927 Written 1.2
Feagin 748 My sister might could tell you somethin’ further bout that, cause she was oldest and she might have known somethin’ about it; but me, I don’t know anything about it. might could Female White 61 Unknown AL (Unknown) early 1970s Spoken 1.2 Naturalistic
Mashburn 1261 She used to could run the marathon. used to could Unknown Unknown Unknown GA (Unknown) 1.0
Boertien 2110 ought SUBJECT might had ought might had Female White 21 College Student TX (Beaumont) TX (Unknown) c1980 2.0 Elicited
Scotland 922 He should could do it. should could Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Scotland 1105 I might will can go tomorrow. might will can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Unknown) Scotland (Unknown) 1994 1.0
England 2046 To lefenn & to trowwenn þatt swillc an shollde muʒhenn beon Shippennd off alle shaffte shollde muʒhenn Unknown Unknown England c1200 Written 1.4
Boertien 1295 That I might could’ve done it yesterday excited me. might could Male White 30 College Student TX (Beaumont) TX (Unknown) c1980 1.4 Elicited
Elsman 858 We may could do a conference call. may could Unknown White Unknown Unknown SC (Unknown) 2007 Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
England 1174 [Q: What’s it been like?] A: Terrible. I haven’t could sleep. have could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Newcastle) Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Scotland 954 I dinae think he’ll dae it, but I suppose he might could. might could Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.8
Feagin 811 You useta could. used to could Female White 30 Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (Selma) early 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Payne 890 Go to see Mr. Smith. He might can tell you. might can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown AL (eastern) 1909 1.0
Scotland 971 But I doubt, Miss Girzie, ye’ll no can expec her to domicile with the like of you. will no can Male White Unknown Unknown Scotland (Ayrshire) 1826 Written 1.4
Mashburn 1262 She might could have been being seen by someone else. might could Unknown Unknown Unknown GA (Unknown) 1.0
Nagle 1142 Ælc cristen man hit sceall cunnan. “Each Christian man shall know it” sceall (=shall) cunnan (=could, ken, know) Male White Unknown Unknown England (Unknown) c1000 Written 1.0
Scotland 923 He'll can do it. will can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Jamaica 1220 wi mos “will must” will must Unknown Black Unknown Unknown Jamaica (Unknown)
England 2048 Swa þatt menn sholldenn muɽhenn sen þurrh Goddspellbokess lare All hu þeɽɽ mihhtenn follɽenn rihht þatt stih. sholldenn hafi (=have to, must) Unknown Unknown England c1200 Written 1.3
Feagin 1296 Could you might tell me where the administration building is? could might Male Black Unknown Unknown NY (Unknown) Spoken 2.0 Naturalistic
Elsman 859 There's two possible things that we might would need. might would Unknown White Unknown Unknown SC (Unknown) 2007 Spoken 1.6 Naturalistic
England 1175 You might can see underneath. might can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Newcastle) Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Scotland 955 I cannae dae it the now, but I would could next week. would could Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.1
Coleman 1123 She might should be taking some pills for her cold. might should Unknown White Unknown Unknown NC (Unknown) 1975 1.0 Elicited
Taylor 891 I mought ’a’ could if I’d ’a’ wanted to. mought have could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown MO (southwestern) 1923 1.3
Scotland 972 Yince an A’d wun there, A thocht, A micht mebbies cood geet a hurl the lenth o Hawick. might mebbies (=maybe) could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Roxburghshire) 1925 Written 1.0
Hern.&S 2023 I might should do the dishes. might should Unknown Black c17 High school student IL (Chicago) IL (Chicago) 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
England 1143 þeah we hine for þam alwaldan agan ne moston. “Though we might not hold it against the all-powerful.” moston (=must, might) agan (=own, owe, ought to) Male White Unknown Unknown England (Unknown) c1000 Written
Scotland 924 He’ll maybe come the morn will maybe Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Jamaica 1221 wi hafi “will must” will hafi (=have to, must) Unknown Black Unknown Unknown Jamaica (Unknown)
Feagin 783 I might would. might would Female White 70s Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (West Anniston) early 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
England 2047 forr þatt Crist ne wollde nohht þatt Nicodm ne wisste þatt he ne shollde muʒhenn nohht ben borrʒhenn, þohh he mihhte Lefenn & trowwenn rihht o Crist þurrh Cristes miccle tacness, But iff he wære... shollde muʒhenn Unknown Unknown England c1200 Written 1.4
Boertien 1297 Could you might come over here for a minute? could might Female White 25 Unknown TX (Unknown) TX (College Station) Spoken 2.0 Naturalistic
Elsman 860 We might could just kinda look and see. might could Unknown White Unknown Unknown SC (Unknown) 2007 Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
England 1176 I mightn’t can use this thumb properly, if it heals like this. might can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Newcastle) 1.3
Scotland 956 He cannae dae it these days, but he used to could. used to could Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.1
Feagin 813 I useta wouldn’t stay at home when ... used to would Female White 78 Unknown AL (Cleburn) AL (Native of Cleburn, Ranolph Counties, but 30 years in Anniston) Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
MISC 892 [I] think if I could get in there and people would work with me, we might could get something going. might could Unknown White Unknown GA (Mayorsville) 1972 Spoken 1.4 Naturalistic
Butters 1203 But if I be coming out of the field and riding Old Judge, I may would kinda switch off. may would Unknown Black Unknown Unknown Spoken 1.2
Scotland 973 He wouldna could dae’t, would could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Argyll) 1929 1.0
R&W 1264 I might could ketch a possum tonight, over on East Mountain. might could Unknown Unknown Unknown AR (Unknown) Written 1.0
Scotland 1144 He’ll can help us the morn. will can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Unknown) 1.0
Scotland 1145 They might could be working in the shop. might could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Unknown) 1.0
Scotland 925 He’ll might can come the morn. will might can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Feagin 784 My sick folks might would be better. might would Female White 70s Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (West Anniston) early 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
England 2049 Hu sal ani man ðe muʒen deren? sal muʒen Unknown Unknown England c1259 Written 2.0
Boertien 1298 Would you might want to let your sister-in-law do that? would might Male White 25 Unknown TX (Unknown) TX (Houston) c1980 Spoken 2.0 Naturalistic
Elsman 861 Do you think he might can work in your department? might could Unknown White Unknown Unknown SC (Unknown) 2007 Spoken 2.4 Naturalistic
England 1177 [Q: Can you tell me the lengths and prices of the pieces of leather again?] A: You’ll not can remember them. They’re all different lengths and prices. will not can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Newcastle) Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Labov 1238 If you can find that canceled check, I may can go out there and get it. may can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown FL (Unknown) Spoken 1.2 Naturalistic
Coleman 1124 I might ought to have been working this morning instead of reading. might ought to Unknown White Unknown Unknown NC (Unknown) 1975 1.0 Elicited
Feagin 814 She useta wouldn’t take more’n a spoonful of anything. used to wouldn't Female White 70 Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (Gadsden) early 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Johnson 893 I used to could speak that jargon better than I could English and we had a i-dea that was to be the standard language here in Oregon. used to could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown OR (Unknown) 1909 1.1
Scotland 974 An dan, wi baid een staandin wide, Sae noucht could can ta pass me. could can to Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Shetland) Written 1.0
Hern.&S 2025 He must can sing. must can Unknown Black c17 High school student IL (Chicago) IL (Chicago) 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
R&W 1265 I might could dry them dishes for ye. might could Unknown Unknown Unknown MO (Unknown) MO (Unknown) Written 1.0
Scotland 1146 She might can get away early. might can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Unknown) 1.0
Boertien 2113 might not ought might not ought Male White 20 College Student TX (San Antonio) TX (Unknown) c1980 Elicited
Scotland 926 He’ll should can come the morn. will should can Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Hawick) Scotland (Hawick) 1.0
Jamaica 1222 mos(a) fi “must ought to” must fe (=for, ought to) Unknown Black Unknown Unknown Jamaica (Unknown)
Feagin 785 I thought you might would like that letter. might would Female White 60s Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (Unknown) early 1970s Spoken 1.4 Naturalistic
England 2050 ... þai sall noght mow stand. sall mow Unknown Unknown England c1345 Written
Boertien 1299 It scared him that he may could’ve been killed yesterday. may could Female White 20 Unknown TX (southeast) TX (Unknown) 1.4 Elicited
Elsman 862 You might can use it ... might can Unknown White Unknown Unknown SC (Unknown) 2007 Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
England 1178 [A: I’m sorry Geoffrey won’t be able to come tonight because he’s going to the pictures.] B: Alright, he’ll can get a try on Tuesday. will can Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Newcastle) Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Coleman 1125 I might could have been studying instead of fooling around had I known you were coming. might could Unknown White Unknown Unknown NC (Unknown) 1975 1.3 Elicited
Carmer 894 [I] wisht I might could go, too. might could Unknown Unknown Unknown AL (Unknown) 1934 Written 1.4 Naturalistic
Butters 1204 Bob Cushaw [of Andrews NC] says he would like his wife to quit her babysitting job. “If you come back here in one year, I may can say I now own this or I now own that, but I’ll talk to you just as I... may can Male Black Unknown Unknown NC (Unknown) Spoken 1.2 Naturalistic
Scotland 975 I didn’t use tae could tak them at aa. did used to could Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Scotland (Argyll) 1931 1.0
Feagin 753 Thelma Chapin might could, now. might could Female White 70s Unknown AL (Unknown) AL (Unknown) early 1970s Spoken 1.0 Naturalistic
Hern.&S 2026 He should can go. should can Unknown Black Unknown IL (Chicago) IL (Chicago) 1970s 1.0 Elicited
Visser 1266 That ye counseille me how I shall may avenge me. shall may Male Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Unknown) c1489 Written
Visser 1267 On al the maners that ye shall conne demaunde. shall can Male Unknown Unknown Unknown England (Unknown) 1485 Written

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