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College of Arts & Sciences
SC Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology


The Research Division is a unit within SCIAA whose purpose is to collect together staff who are engaged in research on a full time basis or who administer or serve in a support role for a research program.

The primary activity of the Division is that of long term, problem-oriented research conducted within South Carolina and adjacent regions. Active research programs in the Research Division include:

Allendale Paleoindian Expedition

Since 1998, Al Goodyear has been leading excavations at the Topper site, a Clovis and preClovis site in Allendale County, SC on the Savannah River. This research has been conducted through the Allendale Paleoindian Expedition, an excavation program utilizing volunteers from the public. Additional information is available at

Military Sites Research Program

Military sites are defined as battlefields, defensive works (forts, batteries, redoubts, trenches), camps, landscapes, ships or shipwrecks, and cemeteries—anywhere armies, soldiers, Native American warriors, or armed citizenry marched, lived, camped, maneuvered, fought and often died. The Military Sites Program focuses on reaching a broader understanding of conflict and war through archaeological research and asserts that the study and excavation of military sites should:

  • provide a different perspective on conflict than that provided by historic documents alone;
  • substantiate or refute standard interpretations of battle, war, and warfare;
  • document otherwise unrecorded military events; and,
  • provide tangible evidence of the impact of conflict and warfare on our society

The program is directed by Steven D. Smith, who specializes in military sites archaeology. Steve’s main interest is in the American Revolution, however, he is interested in all aspects of military history and has researched and published on Civil War archaeology and African American military history. The program is 100% funded by grants and contracts from outside sources.

PDF icon Clovis Macrobands In The Carolinas